Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms

Diabetes Insipidus SymptomsDiabetes Insipidus Symptoms

Diabetes insipidus is a condition in which your ability to control the balance of water within your body is not working properly. In other words it does not have anything to do with your blood sugar.


According to Patient.co.uk, diabetes insipidus is a condition in which your ability to control the balance of water within your body is not working properly. Your kidneys are not able to retain water and this causes you to pass large amounts of urine. Because of this, you become more thirsty and want to drink more. There are two different types of diabetes insipidus: cranial and nephrogenic. Cranial diabetes insipidus may only be a short-term problem in some cases. Treatment includes drinking plenty of fluids so that you do not become dehydrated. Treatment with medicines may be also needed for both types of diabetes insipidus.


Source: Patient.co.uk



Here, we will tackle the two forms of diabetes insipidus in a more comprehensive manner. Better Health has provided a good explanation of these two types.


Neurogenic – the brain doesn’t produce enough of the hormone vasopressin. Some of the events that could cause this form of diabetes insipidus include head injury, infection (such as meningitis), brain tumour, ruptured aneurysm or brain surgery. In about half of cases, the cause remains unknown (idiopathic neurogenic diabetes insipidus).

Nephrogenic – the kidneys aren’t sensitive to vasopressin and fail to respond. This comparatively rare form of diabetes insipidus is caused by an inherited disorder that affects the tubules, the tiny structures inside the kidneys that absorb water. Men are more prone to this condition than women. In adults nephrogenic diabetes insipidus can be caused by treatment with lithium and by hypercalcemia.


Generally, the symptoms of diabetes insipidus include:


  • Extreme thirst that can’t be quenched (polydipsia)
  • Excessive amounts of urine (polyuria)
  • Colourless urine instead of pale yellow
  • Waking frequently through the night to urinate
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Weak muscles
  • Bedwetting.


Treatment for diabetes insipidus (DI) depends on the cause. For DI that is associated with decreased vasopressin production, replacement of vasopressin is required. This is usually given by sniffing a small amount of vasopressin that can be absorbed through the lining of the nose. For DI that is associated with reduced or absent response to vasopressin, adequate replacement of fluids is necessary.


Options include:


  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Switch to a low salt diet.
  • Medications like hydrochlorothiazide and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may help.


Some forms of DI, such as those that occur following head injury or neurosurgery or during pregnancy, resolve with time.


Source: Better Health


Diabetes insipidus is one condition that every individual must be wary of. If you feel any of the abovementioned diabetes insipidus symptoms, try to consult a doctor and find out whether you are indeed suffering from the abovementioned symptoms or because of an underlying ailment.

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