What Is Gastritis?

What Is Gastritis?What Is Gastritis?


Have you ever experienced stomach pain, the cause of which you cannot simply pinpoint? If you repeatedly suffer from stomach pain, it might just be gastritis. So what is gastritis?


According to Medicine Net, gastritis is a condition in which the stomach lining – known as the mucosa – is inflamed. The stomach lining contains special cells that produce acid and enzymes, which help break down food for digestion, and mucus, which protects the stomach lining from acid. When the stomach lining is inflamed, it produces less acid, enzymes, and mucus.


Gastritis may be acute or chronic. Sudden, severe inflammation of the stomach lining is called acute gastritis. Inflammation that lasts for a long time is called chronic gastritis. If chronic gastritis is not treated, it may last for years or even a lifetime.


Erosive gastritis is a type of gastritis that often does not cause significant inflammation but can wear away the stomach lining. Erosive gastritis can cause bleeding, erosions, or ulcers. Erosive gastritis may be acute or chronic.


The relationship between gastritis and symptoms is not clear. The term gastritis refers specifically to abnormal inflammation in the stomach lining. People who have gastritis may experience pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen, but many people with gastritis do not have any symptoms.


The term gastritis is sometimes mistakenly used to describe any symptoms of pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen. Many diseases and disorders can cause these symptoms. Most people who have upper abdominal symptoms do not have gastritis.


Source: Medicine Net


Now that you have a fair idea as to what gastritis is, it is also essential for you to know the things that cause gastritis. Often, gastritis is associated with a number of medications. It is also associated with social habits, surgical conditions, and physical stress.


According to EMedicine Health, the most common causes of gastritis are:


Medications (only the most common medications are listed)


Aspirin (more than 300 drug products contain some form of aspirin)

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen)

Prescription steroids (for example, prednisone

Potassium supplements

Iron tablets

Cancer chemotherapy medications


Swallowing chemicals or objects


  • Corrosives (acid or lye)
  • Swallowed foreign bodies (paper clips or pins)


Medical and surgical conditions


  • People who are critically ill or injured develop gastritis.
  • After medical procedures (such as endoscopy, in which a specialist looks into the stomach with a small lighted tube)
  • After an operation to remove a part of the stomach
  • After radiation treatment for cancer
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Chronic vomiting


Source: EMedicine Health

Now that you have found the answer to what is gastritis, as well as its causes, you will now understand that if you have been exposed to the causes mentioned above, you are most likely to develop it. Hence, you will be able to afford yourself the right treatment.


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