Causes Of Hemorrhoids

Causes Of Hemorrhoids

The various causes of hemorrhoids.

 

According to Health.Harvard.edu, experts are divided on exactly what causes hemorrhoids, but probably several mechanisms are at work. Traditionally, hemorrhoids are associated with chronic constipation, straining during bowel movements, and prolonged sitting on the toilet — all of which interfere with blood flow to and from the area, causing it to pool and enlarge the vessels. This also explains why hemorrhoids are common during pregnancy, when the enlarging uterus presses on the veins.

 

More recent studies show that patients with hemorrhoids tend to have a higher resting anal canal tone — that is, the smooth muscle of the anal canal tends to be tighter than average (even when not straining). Constipation adds to these troubles, because straining during a bowel movement increases pressure in the anal canal and pushes the hemorrhoids against the sphincter muscle. Finally, the connective tissues that support and hold hemorrhoids in place can weaken with age, causing hemorrhoids to bulge and prolapse.

 

Source: Health.Harvard

 

There are actually available ways on how to effectively treat and prevent hemorrhoids. According to CHealth.Canoe, a high-fibre diet with large amounts of water is the answer for grade I internal hemorrhoids and painless external hemorrhoids. This will soften the stool, decreasing constipation and straining. It will also allow the inflamed veins to decrease in size. There are also a number of ointments and suppositories available without prescription that can help reduce pain and inflammation around the anus. These include topical hemorrhoidal preparations that contain local anesthetics for their soothing properties. Your pharmacist can help you choose a topical application that is appropriate for your circumstances. Prescription medications can include anti-inflammatory cortisone creams.

 

Other useful measures include stool softeners or bulking agents, or a sitz bath, used 3 or 4 times daily for 15 minutes at a time. A sitz bath is a container filled with warm water that fits over a toilet bowl. Ice packs alternated with warm packs on the affected area can help dissolve a blood clot in an external hemorrhoid.

 

More severe hemorrhoids may require a doctor’s intervention. A hemorrhoidectomy is a type of surgery done under anesthesia and involves complete removal of internal hemorrhoids. It’s reserved for severe cases. External hemorrhoids can be removed or drained with local anaesthetic and a scalpel by a doctor if they have thrombosed (developed a clot) within the previous 72 hours.

 

Sometimes, a hardening agent is injected into internal hemorrhoids to make them smaller and firmer. Grade II and III internal hemorrhoids may be tied off with a rubber band via rubber band ligation. This stops the blood flow and the hemorrhoids eventually die and drop off. Electricity, lasers, heat, cold, or infrared light are also used to destroy hemorrhoids. These procedures can involve some discomfort.

 

Here are a few tips on preventing hemorrhoids:

 

  • Don’t delay bowel movements, because the stool can harden.
  • Avoid straining to have a bowel movement, and don’t stay sitting on the toilet for long periods.
  • Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day.
  • Eat foods that are high in fibre and bulk, such as whole grain foods, fresh vegetables, and fruit – especially prunes and bran.
  • Get plenty of exercise and don’t sit for prolonged periods of time. Try to go for walks.
  • Lose excess weight.

 

Source: Chealth.Canoe

 

These are the causes of hemorrhoids. So if you think that you usually experience the abovementioned things, then better take a step back and make sure that you prevent such causes from happening. You surely don’t want to suffer from hemorrhoids, right?

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