Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Symptoms of kidney stones can sometimes be misinterpreted as pain in the abdomen.

Since kidney stones can worsen and can actually cause you body a lot of harm, it is quite important for you to know the symptoms and to be truly vigilant about them.

According to NHS, if you have a kidney stone that is very small, it is unlikely to cause many symptoms. It may even go undetected and pass out painlessly when you urinate.

Symptoms usually occur if the kidney stone:

  • gets stuck in your kidney
  • starts to travel down the ureter (tube that attaches each kidney to the bladder) – the ureter is a narrow tube and the kidney stone causes pain as it tries to pass through
  • causes an infection

Common symptoms of kidney stones include:

  • intense pain in the back or side of your abdomen or occasionally in your groin, which may last for minutes or hours, with intervals inbetween when there is no pain
  • feeling restless and unable to lie still
  • nausea (feeling sick)
  • blood in your urine, which is often caused by the stone scratching the ureter
  • cloudy or smelly urine
  • a burning sensation when you urinate
  • a high temperature (fever) of 38°C (100.4°F) or over
  • feeling like you need to urinate more often, even if you do not need to
  • pain when you urinate

Source: NHS

One thing that is quite alarming at present is that there has been an increase in the number of kidney stone patients in children. In fact, in an article published by NYTimes, it stated that urologists say that adults are showing up with their first stones at much younger ages — in their 20s and 30s, rather than their 40s and 50s, as was common in the past. And while about 12 percent of men and 7 percent of women get a kidney stone at some point, studies have found that rates are rising faster in women.

Alarmingly, kidney stones, once rare in children, are becoming more common in this age group, too, though there is no hard data on the number of cases.

Experts agree that the obesity epidemic is partly to blame. Women appear to be particularly sensitive to the effects of weight gain. One study found that a 35-pound weight gain since early adulthood increased the risk of stone formation by 40 percent in men but by 80 percent in women.

Weight gain is not the only factor associated with an increased risk of kidney stones, which form when certain substances in the urine become too concentrated and crystallize. Dietary factors, which contribute to the makeup of the urine, contribute to stone formation as well.

About 75 percent of stones are formed when calcium binds with oxalate, a byproduct of certain foods. Other common types are calcium phosphate stones and uric acid stones. All types are on the rise.

Two factors that increase the risk of stones are not drinking enough water and having a high-sodium diet, a not uncommon combination. Other risk factors include a diet high in animal protein and a diet rich in the common sweeteners fructose and sucrose (table sugar).

Contrary to what many people believe, calcium-rich dairy products appear to lower risk, and reduced consumption of dairy products may also be contributing to the rise in stones. The dietary calcium binds to oxalate in the gut, which prevents it from being absorbed into the urine.

Source: NYTimes

So if you are suffering from any of the symptoms that have been enumerated above, then better make sure that you visit your physician, so that you may ascertain whether the symptoms you are experiencing are that of kidney stones or not.


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