Anaemia

AnaemiaWhat is Anaemia?

Anaemia is a condition that happens when the red blood cells in the body is abnormally low. There are various kinds of anaemia but generally, the three main types of anemia are iron deficiency anaemia, pernicious anaemia (Vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia), and folic acid deficiency anaemia.

Iron deficiency anaemia is caused by insufficient iron in the body. Iron is an essential element that is needed to produce hemoglobin, which is a part of the red blood cells that carry oxygen.

Pernicious anaemia occurs when the body can no longer make enough red blood cells just because it lacks Vitamin B12. This vitamin is needed by the body to make red blood cells and to get the nervous system functioning properly.

Folic acid deficiency anaemia, as the name implies, is a condition resulting from a lack of folic acid in the body. Folic acid is among the B vitamins, which helps the body to make new red blood cells; and if you lack in these cells, oxygen would no longer be carried effectively all throughout the body.

What Causes Anaemia?

There are six major causes of anaemia. People may experience one, two or more of these causes:

  • Lack of proper nutrients in the body. The body needs several elements like iron, Vitamin B12, or folic acid, in order to be able to meet the body’s needs for the production of red blood cells. These nutrient deficiencies could also cause the abnormal enlargement of the red blood cells. In fact, iron deficiency anaemia is primarily caused by a deficiency of foods that contain all these nutrients from the diet. Mostly, this type of anaemia occurs at places where meat is not readily available, or to those who are in a veggie diet because meat is a good source of iron. There is also another condition known as infant iron deficiency which could happen if there has been maternal deficiency or if the infant is fed with mainly cow’s milk. The body poorly absorbs iron from cow’s milk.
  • Excessive blood loss. This could be a result of trauma, excessive menstruation, peptic ulcer, or fibroids. Other causes of excessive blood loss are aspirin use, gastric ulcers, hemorrhoids, and intestinal polyps.
  • Increase in the body’s demand for iron. This could occur during seasons where the body would be demanding for more iron. Some of the situations would include pregnancy, diarrhea, lactation, and menstruation. A growing child’s extra nutritional needs may demand for more iron as well.
  • Destruction of red blood cells
  • Low production of red blood cells
  • Hereditary conditions, which is a factor for sickle cell anaemia

 

Diagnosis, Signs and Symptoms of Anaemia

The signs and symptoms of anaemia may vary especially if you would be looking at different types of anaemia. One type many not have the same signs as the other. You just need to look at the signs of each one.

Iron Deficiency Anaemia

  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Brittle nails
  • Smooth tongue
  • Mouth corner sores
  • Night cramps
  • Abdominal pain
  • Pale skin
  • Pale eyelids and nails
  • Angina
  • Palpitations
  • Heart murmurs

Pernicious Anaemia or Vitamin B12 Deficiency Anaemia

  • Nerve disorders may manifest as symmetric numbness in the fingers or feet
  • Loss of sense of position
  • Nerve deterioration

Folic Acid Deficiency Anaemia

  • Diarrhoea
  • Swollen red tongue
  • Birth defects on babies of pregnant women
  • Depression

 

Remedies, Treatment and Cure for Anaemia

In order for treatment to be properly administered, the cause of your anaemia must be identified. One thing that you can avoid is aspirin. If you are currently taking drugs, try to ask your doctor about it. Some drugs inhibit iron absorption and would only worsen your condition. Example of this is tetracycline.

Friendly Foods

  • Eat more red meat. This food is rich in iron and could provide your body with the iron that you need. You can include liver (pate), beef soup, Chinese stir fries with red meat, and of course, green leafy vegetables. Red meat does not only contain iron, it also contains folic acid and Vitamin B12.
  • Milk, fish, or eggs

Foods to Avoid

If you are trying to treat your anaemia, make sure that you don’t drink tea and wine.

 

Vitamins, Minerals and Herbs forAnaemia

  • 4g of Spirulina for 30 days, after every meal to increase blood hemoglobin levels.
  • 1500 mg of Vitamin C encourages absorption
  • 1 tablet of Schuessler Tissue Salt Ferr Phos every 30 minutes for 5 days. After that, take 4 of it everyday for iron deficiency.
  • 2 capsules 3 times daily of digestive enzyme capsules could help iron absorption
  • 30 mg of Iron Succinate or fumartate taken 3 times daily are preferred forms of iron
  • 1g of Vitamin B12 Methylcobalamin, along with folic acid and Vitamin B complex, for better absorption, if the cause was due to lack of B12 in the diet.
  • 400 mcg – 800 mcg of folic acid should be taken daily
  • Take 1 multivitamin everyday. The vitamins must include B1, B2, and B3. It must also include B6. Choline, Vitamin C, Copper, and Calcium are needed by the body for red blood cells formation.

Herbs

  • Gentian could help increase the stomach acid, thereby helping absorb iron and Vitamin B12. It also assists in increasing iron absorption.
  • Nettle tea is a natural source of iron. This must be taken liberally.
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