Bruises (Bruising)

BruisesWhat are Bruises?

Everyone has seen what a bruise is. In movies and in real life, this is a very common thing. But do you know why there are bruises and how they come about?

In medical terms, bruises are known as haematomas. These are blood clots that accumulated in the tissues right after a trauma or an injury. It is very likely that all individuals, at one point in their lives or another, has suffered from a bruise. It could be a very minimal bruise, such as when one bumps on a table or it could be a serious one like those that form after a hard fall, or a beating.

 

What Causes Bruises?

  • Banging against a hard object. Any part of the body that bangs against a hard object will develop a bruise. There are actually persons who bruise more easily than others.
  • Diseases. There are certain diseases that could cause the formation of bruises even without banging on a hard object. Some of these are Von Willebrand’s Disease, leukemia and anaemia. Von Willebrand’s disease is one of the most common bleeding disorder that is often inherited.
  • Surgical operations. Normally, bruises appear right after a surgical operation.

Other factors that contribute to bruising are:

  • Poor nutrition
  • Anti-clotting conditions
  • Vitamin C deficiency
  • Smoking
  • Cancer

 

Diagnosis Signs and Symptoms of Bruises

Bruises could easily be identified by its appearance on the surface of the skin. When a body part hits something hard, the underlying skin tissues would get damaged. When this happens blood would be collecting under the skin and would cause swelling. The affected area would be painful and would show black and blue marks. Initially, the area would look red, but when the blood starts to be reabsorbed again into the tissues, these marks would be turning blue, eventually, before disappearing, it would have a yellow hue.

Those with bleeding disorders must try to avoid severe trauma to any part of the body. Contact sports must be avoided as well.

 

Remedies, Treatment and Cure for Bruises

Some Lifestyle Hints

  • When a bruise occurs, it is imperative to apply pressure and to cold compress the affected area. Doing these could help in reducing the bleeding and swelling. Right after the first day, you can then apply a hot compress so that the reabsorption of blood would be much faster. You could also try massaging the affected area to help clear the bruise. Just make sure that the right techniques are applied.
  • For your nutrition, make sure that you eat a lot of fruits that have high levels of Vitamin C and bioflavonoids. These foods would help in strengthening and toning the capillaries of the blood. Some good fruits include cherries, berries, capsicum, kiwifruit, and other citrus fruits.

Some Supplements that Help

  • Iron, Folic Acid, and Vitamin B12. These could help in regenerating the red blood cells, thereby preventing anaemia, as well as the bruises that the disease causes. You must take 1g daily, along with the Vitamin B complex and Folic acid. If your B12 deficiency was caused because of a poor diet, then this could help, but in severe cases, it would require treatment through intravenous injections in order to reverse nerve damage and anaemia.
  • Take 400mcg to 800mcg of folic acid daily.
  • Take iron succinate or fumartate since they are more absorbable than other iron forms. They are known not to cause constipation or upset the stomach. You can take 30g of this thrice daily with meals.
  • Vitamin K could help the tissues in reabsorbing blood.
  • Multivitamin and mineral formula. Opt for a multivitamin that includes the B Vitamins, Vitamin C, Copper, and Calcium. These are needed in the formation of red blood cells and in increasing iron absorption.
  • Vitamin C or Ascorbic Acid. This is very important as it aids in healing wounds and strengthening blood vessels.
  • Combination of bilberry, green tea, grape seed, and pine bark extracts could help in strengthening the capillaries. These aid in protecting the capillaries from being damaged by free radicals. They also help in stimulating the formation of connective tissues.
  • Glucosarnine and Chondroitin. These helps in providing the ingredients for the walls of the capillaries. Take 1,500mg of glucosarnine daily and 1,200mg of chondroitin daily.

Herbs

  • Gotu Kola extract. Take about 30mg of it since it could strengthen the connective tissue structures of the veins and capillaries.
  • Arnica. This is considered as a traditional homeopathic remedy for bruises. Follow the dosage as directed until your condition is alleviated.
  • Witchhazel lotion or cream. Apply this twice daily on the affected area. It could help in toning broken blood vessels.

The following should be avoided if you are suffering from Von Willebrand’s disease:

  • Avoid drugs that have antiplatelet or anticoagulant actions, unless this will be prescribed by your physician.
  • Also avoid really high doses of red clover, feverfew, gingko, meadowsweet, garlic, and white willow bark.
  • Make sure that you don’t take large doses of flax oil, Vitamin E, fish oil, borage oil, and evening primrose. When taken in high doses, these would have a blood thinning effect, which would wreak havoc to your health if you are suffering from Von Willebrand’s disease.
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