Diabetes

DiabetesWhat is Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is considered as a nutritional disorder wherein the body could not properly absorb and process glucose, thereby causing elevated glucose levels in the body.

There are basically two types of Diabetes namely Type I diabetes and Type II diabetes.

Type I Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes happens when the body does not produce insulin, which is a hormone in the body that regulates glucose levels. So if the body does not produce insulin, then glucose would simply build up in the blood. This condition is more prevalent in children and in young adults. The treatment for such condition is usually done through insulin injections. The number of sufferers from this type of diabetes is comparatively lesser than those who suffer from the more common Type II diabetes.

 

Type II Diabetes

This type of diabetes is more common and usually occurs during adulthood, usually at age 40 and above. It is also referred to as adult-onset diabetes or maturity-onset diabetes. Due to the fact that people with this type of diabetes are not dependent on insulin in order to live, Type II diabetes is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes.

Unlike the Type I diabetes where the body literally stops making insulin, in Type II diabetes, the body still has the capacity to produce insulin but is just not producing enough to meet the body’s requirements, or the cells in the body lack the capability to make use of insulin properly, the latter known as insulin resistance.

 

What Causes Diabetes?

Diabetes may be caused by one of the following:

  • Unhealthy Diet. When you are not eating a balanced-diet and you lack the right amount of dietary fibre needed by the body, you are very much at risk for developing diabetes, most especially if you eat a lot of refined products.
  • Age. Older people are more prone to develop diabetes than younger ones. Although this does not negate the fact that diabetes could occur at any age, a much greater risk is still associated with older age compared to children, unless it is Type I diabetes.
  • Genes. Studies have shown that genes play a strong role in determining whether a person would have diabetes or not. Many people believe that those who have parents or grandparents or other family member who have suffered from diabetes are most likely to develop them too. If both parents of a child are diabetic, then his risk for developing the disease is much higher compared to a child with just one parent being a diabetic.
  • Obesity. Women who have a waistline of more than 35 inches, and men who have waistlines of more than 40 inches are more prone to acquire diabetes. So make sure that you keep your waistline within these limits.
  • Stress. This can come either as physical stress or emotional stress. This has been pinpointed as one of the causes of stress.
  • Sedentary lifestyle. People who have been living sedentary lifestyles are at much greater risk than those who make sure that they get the right amount of exercise everyday.
  • Hypertension. Many studies have shown that there exists a direct relationship between hypertension and diabetes, particularly with high systolic pressure.

 

Diagnosis, Signs and Symptoms of of Diabetes

One thing that can be considered as a characteristic of diabetes is the fact that you would not feel any pain whenever your glucose levels are already high. So you need to be aware of the following symptoms so that the right treatment could be given.

  • Hunger pangs. A diabetic would often feel hungry. It is not just a simple “you have not yet eaten” kind of hunger, but one that is frequent.
  • Feeling thirsty most of the time. Aside from hunger, feelings of being thirsty also occur frequently.
  • No weight gain despite frequent eating.
  • Weakness. A diabetic would feel tired despite not having done something strenuous for the day. This is brought about by the body’s inability to process insulin, which every cell in the body needs.
  • Itching in the genital area. If you feel intense itching in these areas, it is one possible result of having diabetes.
  • Constipation. This is also one symptom of diabetes.
  • Drowsiness. This is often felt the moment you suffer from diabetes.
  • Lower sex urge.

 

Remedies, Treatment and Cure for Diabetes

Treating diabetes does not only focus on alleviating the symptoms associated to the said disease. You have to find out the root cause of your diabetes and start from there. So if you have ascertained that your diabetes was brought about by an unhealthy diet, then you need to make some changes in your dietary plan and make sure that you do not revert to your old diet. It needs patience and persistence to treat diabetes. You just need to know the cause and do your best to eliminate the said cause. Avoid things that you need to avoid such as sugar-elevating foods, and apply the things that would be beneficial to your health.

A Healthy Diet

This is probably one of the most effective methods of treating diabetes, as long as no other considerations are to be taken into account such as being overweight or obese. This means that you have to eat foods that are good for your heart and body.

Friendly Foods

  • Fibre rich foods such as whole grains, nuts and legumes are good. Walnuts are great sources of alpha-linolenic acid and antioxidants.
  • Fruits and vegetables. These should always be included in your must-eat foods.
  • Choose fish, poultry, and soy protein over meat for your protein needs.

Foods to Avoid

  • Stay away from saturated fats that could be found in various animal products.
  • Avoid trans fatty acids, also known as trans fat. As much as possible avoid fast foods and other commercial products.

Other Tips

  • Remember to couple your diet with exercise and weight control.
  • Quit smoking. This can really help in lowering your risk for various complications associated with diabetes

Weight Loss

  • Since this has been pinpointed among the causes of diabetes, it is important therefore for you to try to stay within your weight limit. So try to reduce your food intake and engage in various physically demanding activities. Just make sure that you check with your physician first especially if you are suffering from other complications like asthma. Losing one to two pounds a week would be very ideal.

Exercise

  • Remember that those who exercise have lesser risks for developing diabetes as compared to those who live sedentary lives. Always remember to monitor your blood sugar levels before, during, and also after any exercise activity.
  • Insulin injections. These are for worst cases and usually used with Type 1 diabetes. But, as long as you watch what you are eating and make the necessary lifestyle changes, you will be able to overcome the disease in no time.
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