Kidney Stones

Kidney StonesWhat are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones, based on the name itself, are lumps that form in the kidneys. They are called “stones” due to their shape and form. Some are really tiny like that of a grain of sand, and in worse cases, they become really big with over an inch in diameter.


There are even instances that the size of the stones would be as big as a bird’s egg. These stones form when chemicals accumulate in the kidney. These chemicals are those that are commonly found in urine like oxalic acid, uric acid, calcium and phosphorus.


The kidneys play a very important role in the body since they are the ones that purify the blood from impurities. The kidneys are responsible for removing salts and water, and the impurities would then be excreted from the body in the form of urine. The really small stones would usually flow along with the urine, however, when they become large, they tend to block the regular flow of urine.


Middle aged people are those who suffer from kidney stones more. The condition mostly occurs in men than in women.


What Causes Kidney Stones

The following are the known causes of kidney stones:

  • Defect in metabolism. Kidney stones are formed when the urine becomes too concentrated because of heavy perspiration or scant fluid intake.
  • Sedentary lifestyle often aggravates the occurrence of kidney stones.
  • Excessive intake of various acid-forming foods.
  • Taking in of sugar and white flour products excessively.
  • Taking in too much meat.
  • Drinking coffee and tea excessively.
  • High levels of spices and condiments in the diet could also cause kidney stones.
  • Overeating is another known cause.
  • Excessive intake of Vitamin B could lead to the formation of kidney stones too.
  • Lack of vitamin A in one’s daily diet.


Diagnosis, Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Some signs and symptoms that you need to watch out for are the following:

  • Severe pain. Persons who suffer from kidney stones would usually find it hard to pass urine since the stones block the regular flow. This is why pain would often be felt. Pain would often be felt at the side. It would then spread towards the thighs and groin.
  • Desire to urinate frequently
  • Feeling pain every time you urinate
  • Scanty urination
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Chills
  • Blood in the urine

Remedies, Treatment and Cure for Kidney Stones

Since kidney stones are primarily caused by improper metabolism and dietetic errors, it can be treated by having a good daily diet and making some lifestyle changes. These may be tough at first, but once you do all these with patience and perseverance, you might be surprised to find yourself no longer suffering from kidney stones.

Diet for Kidney Stones

  • Avoid foods that could irritate the kidneys. Some of these foods are condiments, pickles, alcoholic beverages. There are also vegetables that are considered as kidney-irritants and must be avoided as well. These include radish, cucumber, tomatoes, water-cress and spinach.
  • Avoid foods that have strong aromas like onions, cauliflower, asparagus, cabbage, meat, gravy, and carbonated drinks.
  • Avoid taking in high doses of milk since this could cause the formation of calcium phosphate stones.
  • Take a diet with moderate levels of calcium and phosphorus. This would not lead to excess levels of calcium in the urine but would keep the body healthy by having the adequate amount of calcium that it needs. 680mg of calcium is enough, as well as 1000mg of phosphorus would be just right.
  • Avoid whole wheat flour, soybeans, cauliflower, peas, Bengal gram, carrots, almonds, and coconuts.
  • Maintain an acidic urine if the kidney stones are considered as composed with calcium and magnesium. Half litre of milk, 2 servings of fruits and vegetables are ideal.
  • Maintain an alkaline urine if the stones are considered as alkaline. Fruits and vegetables must comprise a large percentage of the diet, and those acid-forming foods must be minimized.
  • If the stones have high oxalic acid, then avoid almonds, cabbage, chocolate, potatoes, radish, beetroots, and brown bread.
  • Avoid liver, kidney, and sweet breads.
  • Eat kidney beans. Eat a lot of these as much as possible. They are considered as effective remedy for kidney problems.
  • Maintain low levels of protein in the diet.
  • Drink plenty of water. If you could drink 3,000ml of water daily, the better.

Herbs for Kidney Stones

  • Basil. This helps in strengthening the kidneys. For 6 months, taking in honey and basil could help in expelling the kidneys stones from the urinary tract.
  • Celery. Taking in celery regularly can prevent future stone formation.

Vitamins for Kidney Stones

  • Vitamin B6 or pyridoxine. According to proven researches, this is very good in treating kidney stones.



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